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But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.
And both the union government and the central government derive their powers from the constitution.: The constitution of India is a rigid constitution and this is one of the basic features of federal constitution.
A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (sub national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
This is one of the federal features of the Indian constitution.
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It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.
But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.
This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.
The equality of units in a federation is best guaranteed by their equal representation in the Uppers House of the federal legislature (Parliament).
Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.
The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.
In Indian constitution the powers of state and centre are clearly defined and there are very clear limits of both the centre and the state for law making powers. The State List consists of 66 subjects of local interest such as Public Health, Police etc.