Linguistic evidence and the dating of qoheleth
Linguistic evidence and the dating of qoheleth - Sexchat bucurest
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Then follows the repetition of the advice not to give oneself up to idleness; sloth destroys countries and nations, therefore work diligently, but leave the success to God without murmuring (x, 16-xi, 6).
Even amid the pleasures of life do not forget the Lord, but think of death and judgment (xi, 7-xii, 8).
In the epilogue Qoheleth again lays stress upon his authority as the teacher of wisdom, and declares that the pith of his teaching is: Fear God and keep the Commandments; for that is the whole man.
or must be taken as the name of a person, like the proper nouns of similar formation, Ezra -57; corresponding to its use, the word is always used as masculine, except vii, 27].
Solomon, as the herald of wisdom, proclaims the most serious truths. Everything human is vain (i, 1-11); for man, during his life on earth, is more transient than all things in nature (i, 1-7), whose unchangeable course he admires, but does not comprehend (i, 8-11).
Thus he saw:— Sheer vanity also in civil life (iii, 16-vi, 6).
Vain and cheerless is life because of the iniquity which reigns in the halls of justice (iii, 16-22) as well as in the intercourse of men (iv, 1-3).
what is said in ix, 14 sqq., of the siege of a city by a king. It appears to me that iv, 17, is not to be taken literally; and the same is true of x, 8 sqq.
Few will hesitate to take xi, 1 sqq., figuratively. xii must convince every one that bold allegories are quite in Qoheleth's style. iii would by very flat if the proposition, "There is a time for everything", carried no deeper meaning than the words disclose at first sight.
In this first part, the reference to the excessive luxury described in 1 Kings 10 is placed in the foreground.
Afterwards, the author usually prefaces his meditations with an "I saw", and explains what he has learned either by personal observation or by other means, and on what he has meditated.
But even the best prince will, to his grief, find by experience that countless wrongs cannot be prevented in a large empire.