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The link between poverty and single-parent families is well-recognized in the U. 181, August 1992-xiii, 6-9.) That marriage is a good way for the poor to get out of their poverty is documented in a study by Cohen and Tyrell (1986). S., and there are now about 3.4 million mother-only families. To begin with, they note that the poor are over four times as likely to have grown up in a broken family.
Some would say that there is nothing wrong with divorce; they would argue that we need it and that most children survive it and appear okay. However, as we will see, it is the family's decline in many cases, its collapse, that is the major factor beyond these unfortunate developments. The research itself is not mine, nor is most of the interpretation. Many of my references and research summaries are taken from the New Research section of this publication. I owe a great deal to other scholars, and I will attempt to do justice to their work in my remarks. In any event, I believe that when one puts the large picture together, the decline of the American family is obvious. The recent trends, cited above, suggest that many more are coming. They then report data showing that among people born into poor families, 63% of those who remained in the lowest income bracket (bottom 20%) were single. Gender differences and factors related to the disposition toward cohabitation. From 1959 to 1991 a period of increasing American prosperity the number of children in one-parent families (including father-only families) living in poverty increased by 200%, from 4.3 to 8.6 million. By contrast, 95% of those who made it to the upper income bracket (top 40%) were married. In the same period, the number of children in two-parent families in poverty declined, by over 200%, to 5.1 million this, even though there are still many more two-parent than one-parent families. census report, married-couple families continued to have the lowest poverty rate (6%) among all family types. They concluded that marital status was the main determinant of economic well-being and social mobility for young adults.
These changes are due entirely to the increases in divorce and illegitimacy, since the number of widowed mothers has slightly declined over this period. In the census, families with only a mother represented 12.7% of non-poor families, but 54% of poor families. In short, getting married is a good way to get ahead. Family roles and female mortality: Differentials across cultures: An inquiry of cultural adaptation in industrialization. Mortality differentials by marital status: An international comparison. Still, we must not let these exceptions, whatever their personal meaning to us, keep us from seeing the basic implications. Marital status and depression: The importance of coping resources. We will also conclude that the primary source of the problem is reasonably clear. The birth rate of unmarried women has gone from 14.1 per thousand in 1950 to 43.8 per thousand in 1990: a 310% increase. Immunological consequences of acute and chronic stresses: Mediating role of interpersonal relationships. The total has gone from about 150,000 illegitimate babies in 1950 to 1,150,000 in 1990: a stupendous rise, even considering population growth. Census Bureau reported that almost 25% of the nation's unmarried women become mothers, and that just over the past decade there has been a 60% increase in births out of wedlock (De Parle, 1993). Health behaviors explain part of the differences in self-reported health associated with partner/marital status in the Netherlands. Looking back on extensive documentation on the decline of the family in America, it is apparent that by far the single most important factor in the many social problems presently confronting us is the failure of fathers, the fact that men have abandoned their role in the family. Christensen of the Howard Center (Rockford, IL; this Center was previously part of the Rockford Institute).