Prevalence dating violence victimization
Prevalence dating violence victimization - Eree sex chat trial
By using the 4-level measure of DVV, after adjusting for covariates, sexual DVV only (a PR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.21–2.12) and both physical and sexual DVV (a PR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.26–2.17) were positively associated with NUMPD among boys, whereas among girls, physical DVV only (a PR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.16–1.75) and both physical and sexual DVV (a PR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.03–1.99) were positively associated with NMUPD.CONCLUSIONS: NMUPD was associated with experiences of DVV among both male and female students.
With the relatively high prevalence of both NMUPD and DVV among adolescents and the negative outcomes independently associated with both of these experiences, it is important to explore the potential relationship between NMUPD and DVV.The YRBS is a school-based cross-sectional survey in which researchers use an independent 3-stage cluster sample design to obtain a nationally representative sample of ninth through 12th grade students who attend public and private schools in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Two types of DVV were assessed on the 2015 YRBS questionnaire: physical and sexual DVV.Physical DVV was assessed with the following question: “During the past 12 months, how many times did someone you were dating or going out with physically hurt you on purpose?NMUPD was associated with dating violence, but the association between types of dating violence and NMUPD varied by the sex of the student.Nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) (that is, using a prescription medication without a prescription or in a manner that is unintended, particularly opioids) has reached epidemic proportions in the United States.Furthermore, with this study we examine variation in these associations by sex because it is not clear from available literature if any associations observed would vary substantially by the sex of the respondent.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has conducted the national YRBS biennially since 1991.
Understanding the impact of this epidemic on adolescents is necessary to guide prevention efforts for this population.
In the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a household survey, it is estimated that nearly 6% of 12- to 17-year-olds misused prescription psychotherapeutic drugs in the past year, whereas in the school-based Monitoring the Future survey, it is reported that a higher annual prevalence of 12.0% among 12th-graders misused prescription psychotherapeutic drugs during the same time period.
Researchers of another study who used data collected from ED patients in Michigan and focused on youth aged 14 to 24 years who screened positive for substance use, reported that prescription sedative and opioid misuse were more likely to be reported before DV than alcohol use or alcohol and marijuana use.
It should be noted that DV as assessed in both of these studies combined DV aggression and victimization into a single DV measure, and there was no exploration of different types of DV (eg, sexual or physical).
Community- or school-based adolescent violence and substance use prevention efforts would be enhanced by considering the association between DVV and substance use, particularly NMUPD among both male and female adolescents, to address these public health problems.